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Problems of Forensic Sciences

A comparison of prospective calculations with experimental alcohol curves

Data publikacji: 23.06.2022

Problems of Forensic Sciences (Z Zagadnień Nauk Sądowych), 2021, 128, s. 241 - 258

https://doi.org/10.4467/12307483PFS.21.014.15884

Autorzy

,
Dominika Jama
Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4479-555X Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
,
Karolina Sekuła
Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8061-9388 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
Dariusz Zuba
Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5133-1756 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Abstrakt

In cases requiring determination of the ethanol content of a person involved in a road incident, expert opinions are often based on prospective calculations. Declarations regarding the amount and type of alcoholic drink consumed are used to calculate the concentration of alcohol in the body and to correlate the results obtained with those of sobriety tests. alcohol concentration estimated using a prospective calculation should correspond most accurately with the ethanol content in the body. It is therefore desirable to identify the appropriate model of prospective estimation, which is accomplished here by comparing the most common methods of alcohol calculation used by forensic experts. The study involved five people aged 29–64 (two women and three men) who were given alcohol in an amount leading to a theoretical ethanol concentration of 1‰in their bodies. In this paper, we plotted the alcohol curves and compared the experimental (real) ethanol concentration with the theoretical values calculated by the various methods. The best correlation between the results of prospective calculations and real ethanol concentrations was obtained for the method that assumes an immediate elimination from the beginning of consumption (used routinely by the authors) and for the method that assumes an absorption time of 30 minutes and a 10% alcohol deficit (the difference between the theoretical and actual ethanol concentration).

Bibliografia

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4. Jones, A. W. (2008). Biochemical and physiological research on the disposition and fate of ethanol in the body, 5th edition. (In:) J. Garriott (eds.), Garriott’s medicolegal aspects of alcohol (pp. 41–155). Tuscon: Lawyers & Judges Publishing Co.
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Informacje

Informacje: Problems of Forensic Sciences (Z Zagadnień Nauk Sądowych), 2021, s. 241 - 258

Typ artykułu: Oryginalny artykuł naukowy

Tytuły:

Angielski:

A comparison of prospective calculations with experimental alcohol curves

Autorzy

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4479-555X

Dominika Jama
Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4479-555X Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8061-9388

Karolina Sekuła
Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8061-9388 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5133-1756

Dariusz Zuba
Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5133-1756 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Instytut Ekspertyz Sądowych im. Prof. dra Jana Sehna w Krakowie, Kraków

Publikacja: 23.06.2022

Otrzymano: 16.12.2021

Zaakceptowano: 16.02.2022

Status artykułu: Otwarte __T_UNLOCK

Licencja: CC BY-NC-ND  ikona licencji

Udział procentowy autorów:

Dominika Jama (Autor) - 33%
Karolina Sekuła (Autor) - 33%
Dariusz Zuba (Autor) - 34%

Korekty artykułu:

-

Języki publikacji:

Angielski, Polski

Liczba wyświetleń: 376

Liczba pobrań: 627