FAQ

Studia Migracyjne – Przegląd Polonijny

Paperless and Jobless: The Undocumented Status and Access to Employment among Latino Youth

Data publikacji: 15.05.2019

Studia Migracyjne – Przegląd Polonijny, 2019 (XLV), Nr 1 (171), s. 25 - 39

https://doi.org/10.4467/25444972SMPP.19.001.10251

Autorzy

,
Elżbieta Goździak
Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
Joseph Russell-Jenkins
Georgetown University, USA
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Abstrakt

This paper is based on a study on the effects of unauthorized migration on Latino children and youth’s access to education, healthcare, and livelihoods. The research project aimed at improving understanding of the many nuanced effects of undocumented status on employment and livelihood prospects of Latino youth. Research involved ethnographic fieldwork in three neighborhoods in the larger Washington, DC metropolitan area: Chirilagua, VA, a neighborhood on the border of Alexandria and Arlington in northern Virginia; Langley Park, MD; and Columbia Heights, in DC. In this article we attempt to explore the circumstances faced by Latino youth as they transition into adulthood and analyze the effects of unauthorized status of the young person or other family members on incentives to work and access to the labor market. We argue that while these youth are often pressured to choose waged employment over education in order to contribute to the family’s income, their lack of legal immigration status is an incentive to stay in school for the relatively safe legal environment it affords. Once the decision to work has been made, or graduation from high school has forced them out of the safety net, the limited options for work available to these youth create difficult decisions wherein some seek work in safe environments for less compensation while others choose more formal, higher-paying positions that come with exposure and high risk.

Bibliografia

Abrego, Leisy J. (2006), I Can’t Go to College Because I Don’t Have Papers: Incorporation Patterns of Latino Undocumented Youth. “Latino Studies”, 4: 212–231.

Autor, D. (2010), The Polarization of Job Opportunities in the US Labor Market: Implications for Employment and Earnings. Washington, DC: Center for American Progress and the Hamilton Project of the Brookings Institution. Available at: http://economics.mit.edu/files/5554

Bachmeier, J.D., Bean, F. D. (2011), Ethnoracial Patterns of Schooling and Work among Adolescents: Implications for Mexican Immigrant Incorporation. “Social Science Research” 40(6): 1579–1595.

Bean, F.D., Brown, S.K., Leach, M.A., Bachmeier, J. D., and Tafoya-Estrada, R. (2012), Mexican-American Educational Incorporation: The Size and Meaning of Unauthorized Migration’s Legacy. Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of International Migration.

Bean, F.D., Leach, M.A., Brown, S.K., Bachmeier, J. D., and Hipp, J.R. (2011), The Educational Legacy of Unauthorized Migration: Comparisons Across U.S.-Immigrant Groups in How Parents’ Status Affects Their Offspring. “International Migration Review” 45(2): 348–385.

Berrol, S.C. (1995), Growing up American: Immigrant Children in America, Then and Now. New York: Twayne.

Crowley, M., Lichter, D.T. and Qian, Z. (2006), Beyond Gateway Cities: Economic Restructuring and Poverty Among Mexican Immigrant Families and Children. “Family Relations” 55(3): 345–360.

Gonzales, R.G. (2011), Learning to Be Illegal Undocumented Youth and Shifting Legal Contexts in the Transition to Adulthood. “American Sociological Review” 76(4): 602–619.

Goździak, E.M. (2014), To Dream or Not to Dream. The Effects of Immigration Status, Discrimination, and Parental Influence on Latino Children’s Access to Education. “Migration Studies” 2(3): 392–414.

Hall, M., Greenman, E., Farkas, G. (2010), Legal Status and Wage Disparities for Mexican Immigrants. “Social Forces”, 89(2): 491–513.

Haskins, R., Tienda, M. (2011), The Future of Immigrant Children. Policy Brief. Available at: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2011/0420_immigrant_children_haskins/0420_immigrant_children_haskins.pdf

Holzer, H.J. (2011), Raising Job Quality and Skills for American Workers: Creating More-effective Education and Workforce Development Systems in the States. Washington, DC: The Hamilton Project at the Brookings Institution. Available at: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2011/11/ workforce-holzer

Martínez, I. (2009), Hispanics See Their Situation in US Deteriorating: Oppose Key Immigration  Enforcement Measures. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center. Available at: http://www.pewhispanic.org/files/reports/93.pdf

Massey, D.S. (1987) Do Undocumented Migrants Earn Lower Wages than Legal Immigrants? New Evidence from Mexico. “International Migration Review” 21: 236–274.

Massey, D.S., Durand, J, Malone, N.J. (2003), Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Migration Policy Institute (2010), Senate blocks Passage of Dream Act by Five Votes. Washington, DC. Available at: http://www.migrationinformation.org/Feature/display.cfm?ID=820.

O’Regan, K., Quigley, J. M. (1993) Family Networks and Youth Access to Jobs. “Journal of Urban Economics” 34: 230–48.

Olivas, M.A. (2004) IRIRA, the Dream Act, and Undocumented College Student Residency. Immigration and Nationality Law Review 30 J.C. & U.L.: 435.

Olivas, M.A. (2011), No Undocumented Child Left Behind: Plyler v Doe and the Education of Undocumented School Children. New York: New York University Press.

Passel, J., Cohn, D’Vera (2011), Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center. Available at: http://www.pewhispanic.org/2011/ 02/01/ unauthorized-immigrant-population-brnational-and-state- trends-2010/

Passel, J., Taylor, P. (2010), Unauthorized Immigrants and Their US-born Children. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center. Available at: http:// pewhispanic.org/#les/reports/125.pdf

Song, M. (1999), Helping Out: Children’s Labor in Ethnic Business. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Suárez-Orozco, C., Yoshikawa, H., Teranishi, R.T., & Suárez-Orozco, M.M. (2011), Growing up in the shadows: The developmental implications of unauthorized status. “Harvard Educational Review”, 81(3), 438–472.

Informacje

Informacje: Studia Migracyjne – Przegląd Polonijny, 2019 (XLV), s. 25 - 39

Typ artykułu: Oryginalny artykuł naukowy

Tytuły:

Angielski:

Paperless and Jobless: The Undocumented Status and Access to Employment among Latino Youth

Autorzy

Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

Georgetown University, USA

Publikacja: 15.05.2019

Status artykułu: Otwarte __T_UNLOCK

Licencja: CC BY  ikona licencji

Udział procentowy autorów:

Elżbieta Goździak (Autor) - 50%
Joseph Russell-Jenkins (Autor) - 50%

Korekty artykułu:

-

Języki publikacji:

Angielski

Liczba wyświetleń: 28

Liczba pobrań: 25