Psychologia Rozwojowa

logotyp Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego

Przywiązanie do miejsca zamieszkania w biegu życia

Data publikacji: 23.07.2015

Psychologia Rozwojowa, 2015, Tom 20, Numer 2, s. 73 - 88



Alan Mandal
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ul. Bankowa 12, 40-007 Katowice, Polska
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
Anna Latusek
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ul. Bankowa 12, 40-007 Katowice, Polska
Wszystkie publikacje autora →


Place attachment of people in life span

The aim of the research was the comparison the place attachment of people in various ages. Place attachment is a specific bond, positive emotional attitude, which is the result of compound units of this place (Altman, Low, 1992). We can distinguish two dimensions of attachment to the place: place identity and place dependence (Williams, Vaske, 2003). Relations between place attachment, age and life satisfaction of the respondents were examined.
The study involved 240 people, 4 groups over 60 people at the age of adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood and late adulthood. Place Attachment Scale (Williams, Vaske, 2003) and Satisfaction With Life Scale (Diener et al., 1985) were used.
Results showed that attachment to the place of residence positively correlated with age and satisfaction with life. Attachment to the place of residence is strongest in people in late adulthood, and weakest in early adulthood. For people in early adulthood and middle adulthood gender differences were reported: women were more strongly tied to the place than men.


Agnew J. (1987)Place and politics: The geographical mediation of state and society. Boston: Allen and Unwin.

Ahern M.M., Hendryx M.S., Siddharthan K. (1996), The importance of Sense of Community on people’s perceptions of their health-care experiences. Medical Care, 34, 911–923.

Altman I., Low S. (1992), Place attachment. New York: Plenum Press.

Atchley R.C. (1999), Continuity and adaptation in aging: Creating positive experiences. Baltimore MD: John Hopkins University Press.

Bańka A. (2002), Społeczna psychologia środowiskowa. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe SCHOLAR.

Bańka A. (2006), Poradnictwo transnacjonalne. Cele metody międzykulturowego doradztwa karier. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Pracy Polityki Społecznej.

Bonk E., Retowski S. (2013), Emerytura – ulga czy udręka? Postrzeganie emerytury na przykładzie słuchaczy Uniwersytetów Trzeciego Wieku. Gerontologia Polska, 21, 1, 21–31.

Brannon L. (2002), Psychologia rodzajuGdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Brehm J.M., Eisenheauer B.W., Krannich R.S. (2006), Community attachments as predictors of local environmental concern. The case for multiple dimensions of attachment. American Behavioral Scientist, 50, 142–165.

Brzezińska M. (2011), Proaktywna starość. Strategie radzenia sobie ze stresem okresie późnej dorosłości. Warszawa: Difin.

Bugajska B. (2005), Tożsamość człowieka starości. Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego.

Chavis D.M., Hogge J.H., McMillan D.W., Wandersman A. (1986), Sense of community through Brunswik’s lens: first look. Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 24–40.

Diener E., Emmons R.A., Larsen R.J., Griffin S. (1985), The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75.

Erikson E. (2004), Tożsamość cykl życiaPoznań: Zysk S-ka.

Farrell S.J., Aubry T., Coulombe D. (2004), Neighborhoods and neighbors: Do they contribute to personal well-being? Journal of Community Psychology, 32, 9–25.

Fried M. (1963), Grieving for lost home [w:] L.J. Duhl (red.), Handbook of theories of social Psychology, 151–171. New York: Basic Books.

Fried M. (2000), Continuities and discontinuities of place. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 20, 193–205.

Giuliani M.W. (2003), Theory of attachment and place attachment [w:] M. Bonnes, T. Lee, M. Bonaiuto (red.), Psychological theories for environmental issues, 137–170. Hants: Ashgate.

Giuliani M.V., Feldman R. (1993), Place attachment in developmental and cultural context. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 13, 267–274.

Glanville J.L., Paxton P. (2007), How do we learn to trust? confirmatory tetrad analysis of the sources of generalized trust. Social Psychology Quarterly, 70, 230–242.

Golant S.M. (2002), Deciding where to live: The emerging residential settlement patterns of retired Americans. Generations, 26, 2, 66–73.

Gusfield J.R. (1975), The community: critical response. New York: Harper Colophon.

Hay R. (1998), Sense of place in developmental context. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18, 5–29.

Harris P.B., Werner C.M., Brown B.B., Ingebritsen D. (1995), Relocation and privacy regulation: cross-cultural analysis. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 311–320.

Harwas-Napierała B., Trempała J. (2000), Psychologia rozwoju człowiekaWarszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Havighurst R. (1972), Developmental Tasks and Education. New York: Longman.

Hawthorne G., Herrman H., Murphy B. (2006), Interpreting the WHOQOL-Brief: Preliminary population norms and effect sizes. Social Indicators Research, 77, 37–59.

Hernandez B., Hildago M.C., Salaraz-Laplace M.E., Hess S. (2007), Place attachment and place identity in natives and non-natives. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27, 310–319.

Hormuth S. (1990), The Ecology of Self: Relocation and Self-concept Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Howell S.C. (1994), Environments and the aging woman: Domains of choice [w:] A. Altman, A. Churchman (red.), Women and the environment, 105–131. New York: Plenum.

Hummon D.M. (1992), Commonplaces: Community ideology and identity in American culture. Albany: State University of New York.

Jorgensen B.S., Stedman R. (2001), Sense of place as an attitude: Lakeshore property owners’ attitudes toward their properties. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21, 233–248.

Juczyński Z. (2001), Narzędzia pomiaru promocji psychologii zdrowia. Warszawa: Pracownie Testów Psychologicznych.

Kagan C., Burton M., Duckett P., Lawthon R., Siddiquee A. (2011), Critical community psychology. Padstow, UK: Blackwell.

Kawachi I., Berkman L.F. (2003), Neighbourhoods and health. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Korpela K. (1989), Place-identity as product of environmental self-regulation. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 9, 241–256.

Korpela K., Kytta M., Hartig T. (2002), Children’s favorite places: restorative experience, self-regulation and children’s place preferences. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22, 387–398.

Lewicka M. (2012), Psychologia miejsca. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo SCHOLAR.

Mandal E. (2004), Podmiotowe interpersonalne konsekwencje stereotypów związanych płcią. Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.

Mandal A. (2013), The city as spatial and functional structure, and as place having subjective meanings. Polish Journal of Applied Psychology, 11, 1, 107–121.

Moore R.L., Graefe A.R. (1994), Attachment to recreation settings: The case of rail-trail users. Leisure Sciences, 16, 1, 17–31.

Mumford L. (1961), The city in the history: Its origins, its transformation and its prospects. San Diego: Harcourt.

Parker E.A., Lichtenstein R.L., Schulz A.J., Israel B.A., Schork M.A., Steinman K.J., James S.A. (2001), Disentangling measures of individual perceptions of community social dynamics: Results of community survey. Health Education and Behavior, 28, 462–486.

Proshansky H.M., Fabian A.K. (1987), The development of place identity in the child [w:] C.S. Weinstein, T.G. David (red.), Spaces for children, 21–40. New York: Plenum.

Proshansky H.M., Fabian A.K., Kaminoff R. (1983), Place-identity: Physical world socialization of the self. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3, 57–83.

Raeburn J.M., Rootman I. (1996), Quality of life and health promotion [w:] R. Renwick, I. Brown, M. Nagler (red.), Quality of life in health promotion and rehabilitation: Conceptual approaches, issues, and applications, 75–88. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Rollero C., De Piccoli N. (2010), Does place attachment affect social well-being? European Review of Applied Psychology, 60, 233–238.

Rowles G.D. (1990), Place attachment among the small town elderly. Journal of Rural Community Psychology, 11, 103–120.

Rowles G.D., Watkins J.F. (1993), Elderly migration and development in small communities. Growth and Change, 24, 509–538.

Rubinstein R., Parmelee P. (1992), Attachment to place and the representation of the life course by the elderly [w:] I. Altman, S.M. Low (red.), Place attachment, 139–161. New York: Plenum Press.

Schreyer R.M., Jacob G., White R. (1981), Environmental meaning as determinant of spatial behavior in recreation. Proceedings of the Applied Geography Conferences, 4, 294–300.

Seamon D. (1980), Body-subject, time space routines, and place-ballets [w:] A. Buttimer, D. Seamon (red.), The human experience of space and place, 148–165. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Shenk D., Kuwahara K., Zablotsky D. (2004), Older women’s attachments to their home and possessions. Journal of Aging Studies, 18, 157–169.

Shin D.C., Johnson D.M. (1978), Avowed happiness as an overall assessment of the quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 5, 475–492.

Shumaker S.A, Taylor R.B. (1983), Toward clarification of people-place-relationships: model of attachment to place [w:] N.R. Feimer, E.S. Geller (red.), Environmental psychology: Direction and perspectives, 121–150. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Instytutu Filozofii Socjologii PAN.

Stokols D., Shumaker S.A. (1981), People in places: transactional view of settings [w:] J. Harvey (red.), Cognition, social behaviour, and the environment, 441–488. New Jersey: Erlbaum.

Straś-Romanowska (2007), Późna dorosłość. Wiek starzenia się [w:] B. Harwas-Napierała, J. Trempała, (red.), Psychologia rozwoju człowieka, t. 2, 263–293. Warszawa: PWN.

Szajnowska-Wysocka A., Mandal A. (2013), Funkcje miejskie dzielnic Katowic. Studia Miejskie, 9, 107–121.

Tartaglia S. (2012), Different predictors of quality of life in urban environments. Social Indicators Research, 113, 3, 1045–1053.

Tuan Y.F. (1980), Rootedness versus sense of place. Landscape, 24, 1, 3–8.

Wen M., Hawkley L.C., Cacioppo J.T. (2006), Objective and perceived neighborhood environment, individual SES and psychosocial factors, and self-rated health: An analysis of older adults in Cook County, Illinois. Social Science and Medicine, 63, 2575–2590.

Williams D.R., Patterson M.E. (1999), Environmental psychology: Mapping landscape meanings for ecosystem management [w:] H.K. Cordell, J.C. Bergstrom (red.), Integrating social sciences and ecosystem management: Human dimensions in assessment, policy and management, 141–160. IL: Sagamore Press, Champaign.

Williams D.R., Vaske J.J. (2003), The measurement of place attachment: Validity and generalizability of psychometric approach. Forest Science, 49, 6, 830–840.

Wilson K., Elliott S., Law M., Eyles J., Jerrett M., Keller-Olaman S. (2004), Linking perceptions of neighbourhood to health in Hamilton, Canada. Journal of Epidemiological Community Health, 58, 192–198.

Zirkel S., Cantor N. (1990), Personal construal of life tasks: Those who struggle for independence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 1, 172.


Informacje: Psychologia Rozwojowa, 2015, s. 73 - 88

Typ artykułu: Oryginalny artykuł naukowy



Place attachment of people in life span


Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ul. Bankowa 12, 40-007 Katowice, Polska

Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ul. Bankowa 12, 40-007 Katowice, Polska

Publikacja: 23.07.2015

Status artykułu: Otwarte __T_UNLOCK

Licencja: Żadna

Udział procentowy autorów:

Alan Mandal (Autor) - 50%
Anna Latusek (Autor) - 50%

Korekty artykułu:


Języki publikacji:


Liczba wyświetleń: 3673

Liczba pobrań: 2402