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Problems of Forensic Sciences

Criminal legal and criminological analysis of offenses against sexual freedom and immunity in Ukraine: current state and prospects

Data publikacji: 26.03.2024

Problems of Forensic Sciences (Z Zagadnień Nauk Sądowych), 2023, 135, s. 189 - 216

https://doi.org/10.4467/12307483PFS.23.012.19428

Autorzy

,
Ganna Sobko
Department of Criminal Law, Criminology and Penaltу Law, Odessa State University of Internal Affairs, Odessa, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9147-2625 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
,
Mykhailo Shulga
Department of Land and Agrarian Law, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Charków, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0009-0001-4461-3138 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
,
Iryna Tarasova
Department of Law, Kyiv Cooperative Institute of Business and Law, Kijów, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0009-0002-0105-9242 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
,
Mikhail Voznyk
Department of Law Support, The National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi, Kijów, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9205-9445 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
Viktor Nazarov
Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics, Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine, Kijów, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3725-7745 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Abstrakt

The highest social values of any legal country are the protection of natural rights, which include life, health, dignity, freedom and inviolability of the person. Ukraine declared these rights as the basic ones in the Art. 3 and 29 of the Constitution. The number of criminal offenses is large enough and gradually increasing, but only a small number of them are really important for the life of the individual and the consequences of their actions remain until the end of the life of the victim. Such criminal offenses include articles that protect sexual freedom and immunity. Ukraine has been under martial law for 10 months, and during this period cases of sexual violent criminal offenses have taken place. The aim of the study is to analyze the statutes, declarations and conventions that should protect persons from the said criminal offenses. The study analyzed 1) the attitude of the ECHR to criminal offenses related to sexual freedom and immunity, and changes in legislation in connection with the ratification of international law; 2) conflicts and inconsistencies that exist in the law on criminal liability now and those that do not comply with international treaties that were ratified, for example, the new version of Art. 155 and 303 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine; 3) the latest changes in the legislation of Ukraine concerning Art. 156 “Child abuse for sexual purposes”of the Criminal Code of Ukraine; 4) data from the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine on criminal offenses related to sexual freedom and immunity. As a result, it has been established that 40% of the analyzed difficulties do not end with the indictment in the court. There is a doubt about the determination of the same degree of social danger of rape (Art. 152 the Criminal Code of Ukraine) and sexual violence (Art. 154 the Criminal Code of Ukraine). The Art. 154 the Criminal Code of Ukraine concerning the difficulty of proving the criminal offense was analyzed, and a new version of this article was proposed. Diagrams with the data from the register of court decisions the correlation of indictments and court decisions on the recognition of persons guilty of the mentioned criminal offenses were created. The explanations of the Supreme Court concerning this category of cases were analyzed and presented. Finally, proposals were formulated to improve the current version of the criminal legislation of Ukraine.

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Informacje

Informacje: Problems of Forensic Sciences (Z Zagadnień Nauk Sądowych), 2023, s. 189 - 216

Typ artykułu: Oryginalny artykuł naukowy

Tytuły:

Angielski:

Criminal legal and criminological analysis of offenses against sexual freedom and immunity in Ukraine: current state and prospects

Autorzy

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9147-2625

Ganna Sobko
Department of Criminal Law, Criminology and Penaltу Law, Odessa State University of Internal Affairs, Odessa, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9147-2625 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Department of Criminal Law, Criminology and Penaltу Law, Odessa State University of Internal Affairs, Odessa, Ukraina

https://orcid.org/0009-0001-4461-3138

Mykhailo Shulga
Department of Land and Agrarian Law, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Charków, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0009-0001-4461-3138 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Department of Land and Agrarian Law, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Charków, Ukraina

https://orcid.org/0009-0002-0105-9242

Iryna Tarasova
Department of Law, Kyiv Cooperative Institute of Business and Law, Kijów, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0009-0002-0105-9242 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Department of Law, Kyiv Cooperative Institute of Business and Law, Kijów, Ukraina

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9205-9445

Mikhail Voznyk
Department of Law Support, The National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi, Kijów, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9205-9445 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Department of Law Support, The National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi, Kijów, Ukraina

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3725-7745

Viktor Nazarov
Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics, Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine, Kijów, Ukraina
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3725-7745 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics, Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine, Kijów, Ukraina

Publikacja: 26.03.2024

Otrzymano: 18.05.2023

Zaakceptowano: 19.10.2023

Status artykułu: Otwarte __T_UNLOCK

Licencja: CC BY-NC-ND  ikona licencji

Udział procentowy autorów:

Ganna Sobko (Autor) - 20%
Mykhailo Shulga (Autor) - 20%
Iryna Tarasova (Autor) - 20%
Mikhail Voznyk (Autor) - 20%
Viktor Nazarov (Autor) - 20%

Korekty artykułu:

-

Języki publikacji:

Angielski, Polski

Liczba wyświetleń: 164

Liczba pobrań: 92

Sugerowane cytowania: Vancouver

Sobko G, Shulga M, Tarasova I, Voznyk M, Nazarov V.

Criminal legal and criminological analysis of offenses against sexual freedom and immunity in Ukraine: current state and prospects

. Problems of Forensic Sciences (Z Zagadnień Nauk Sądowych). 2024;2023 (135): 189-216