Zdrowie Publiczne i Zarządzanie

The heavy burden of protein and energy malnutrition on the society of Ghana: urging the implementation of an easily enacted backyard poultry intervention

Data publikacji: 02.12.2016

Zdrowie Publiczne i Zarządzanie, 2016, Tom 14, Numer 4, s. 229 - 243



Sandra Paola Pedroza Velandia
Department of Health Economics and Social Security, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College; PATH, Seattle, WA, USA
Wszystkie publikacje autora →
Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek
Department of Health Economics and Social Security, Institute of Public Health, Department of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków
Wszystkie publikacje autora →


Background: Stunting hinders the development of children around the world.

Objectives: Wehavecalculated the burden of disease attributable to protein and energy malnutrition (PEM) in Ghana and evaluated the impact of the modeled intervention to prevent stunting in Ghana.

Methods: A literature review was conducted to better understand the economic implications of stunting. The burden of PEM was measured in Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) and income lost. A culturally sensitive nutritional intervention was designed to prevent stunting in the target population. The comparator was no intervention. We performed cost-effectiveness, cost-utility, and cost-benefit analyses.

Results: The estimated income lost due to PEM in Ghana was over 70 bln2014 international dollars (I$). In 2014 the Ghana GDP per capita was I$4,548.00. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) per stunting case averted was I$2,573.72. The ICER per DALY averted was I$896.18. The cost-benefit ratio was 0.03.

Conclusion: Stunting causes a high burden to society in Ghana. The modelled backyard poultryintervention is very cost-effective in reducing stunting and it effects.


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Informacje: Zdrowie Publiczne i Zarządzanie, 2016, s. 229 - 243

Typ artykułu: Oryginalny artykuł naukowy



The heavy burden of protein and energy malnutrition on the society of Ghana: urging the implementation of an easily enacted backyard poultry intervention


Department of Health Economics and Social Security, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College; PATH, Seattle, WA, USA

Department of Health Economics and Social Security, Institute of Public Health, Department of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków

Publikacja: 02.12.2016

Status artykułu: Otwarte __T_UNLOCK

Licencja: Żadna

Udział procentowy autorów:

Sandra Paola Pedroza Velandia (Autor) - 50%
Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek (Autor) - 50%

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Liczba wyświetleń: 1934

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