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Better than Pindar? The Ode by Sidronius Hosschius to Sarbievius and Its Two Versions

Data publikacji: 2020

Terminus, 2020, Tom 22, zeszyt 4 (57), s. 285 - 314

https://doi.org/10.4467/20843844TE.20.016.12536

Autorzy

Paul Hulsenboom
Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3138-3695 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Abstrakt

The main aim of this paper is to present and analyse an ode by the Flemish Jesuit Sidronius Hosschius (Sidronius [or Syderoen] de Hossche, 1596–1653) to “the Sarmatian Horace”Mathias Casimirus Sarbievius (Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski, 1595–1640). This eulogy has often been viewed as a masterpiece. In addition, it has two distinct versions: one published in a collection of poems in honour of Sarbievius (the socalled Epicitharisma), first printed in an edition of his oeuvre in 1632, and one in the collective volume of Hosschius’s own works issued posthumously in 1656. Both versions were first published by the famous Plantin-Moretus printing house in Antwerp.

The paper consists of three sections. The first one focuses on the relationship between Hosschius and Sarbievius and on the Nachleben of Hosschius’s ode. The second section offers a general analysis of the poem. Tracing the contents of Hosschius’s ode and its sources of inspiration, it argues that Hor. Carm. IV 2 is central to the poem’s understanding. The third section discusses the differences between the two versions, in an attempt to disclose why the poem was altered and how the changes influence the ode’s meaning. A number of larger changes affect the poem’s central message: while in the earlier version Sarbievius is said to outdo Pindar and even Horace, the later version is more cautious. All it does is admit that Sarbievius could perhaps equal Pindar and Orpheus. 

Hosschius’s eulogy and the reception of Sarbievius through his composition have two different traditions: 1) the one found in most editions of Sarbievius’s works, where the poem basically proclaims him to be the best Latin lyricist of all time, thereby tying in with other laudatory contributions and promoting both Sarbievius’s oeuvre and the editions themselves, and 2) the one added to Hosschius’s own poetry, where the adjusted version—which contains more references to ancient literature and which could be called more personal, as well as, perhaps, more realistic—became a fan favourite.

In both instances, however, the reinterpretation of the psychological effect of poetry—the translation of furor poeticus from the author to the reader—and the re-evaluation of the concept of aemulatio could be the main reason why Hosschius’s ode was so highly valued.

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Informacje

Informacje: Terminus, 2020, s. 285 - 314

Typ artykułu: Oryginalny artykuł naukowy

Tytuły:

Angielski:

Better than Pindar? The Ode by Sidronius Hosschius to Sarbievius and Its Two Versions

Autorzy

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3138-3695

Paul Hulsenboom
Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3138-3695 Orcid
Wszystkie publikacje autora →

Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands

Publikacja: 2020

Status artykułu: Otwarte __T_UNLOCK

Licencja: CC BY-NC-ND  ikona licencji

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