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Romanica Cracoviensia

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Contexte historique et discours politique – analyse des déclarations consécutives à l’annonce des résultats des élections présidentielles en Lituanie et en France (1993–2009)

Data publikacji: 09.2023

Tom 19, Numer 1

Romanica Cracoviensia, Tom 19 (2019), s. 55 - 69

https://doi.org/10.4467/20843917RC.19.006.11696

Autorzy

Miroslaw Stasilo

Abstrakt

Historical context and political speech: Analysis of the declarations following the announcement of the results of the presidential elections in Lithuania and France (1993–2009)

The linguistic personal characteristics of the presidential candidates have not been analyzed in France or in Lithuania. This article discusses the relationship between the election context, the content of the phrases, and the personal political vocabulary. The computer software Tropes and Lexico gave us such an opportunity thanks to their technical performance regarding research and comparison of personal vocabulary. Thus, quantitative lexicometric data have distinguished the statements of Sarkozy in France and Adamkus in Lithuania. Thanks to these programs, we have been able to distinguish the central with peripheral semantic universes. French speakers speak more about historical symbols, for example, republican values: freedom, fraternity, equality, solidarity, etc. Lithuanian speakers, on the other hand, make more reference to their political predecessors, which symbolize the Lithuanian state, and to the news of the moment, especially in the case of defeated candidates. The second observation concerns the Lithuanian list which is quite long and the vocabulary used is quite varied. This is related first of all to the higher number of speakers – eight in Lithuania and five in France. Then, it is also the peculiarity of the genre of Lithuanian Interviews where the language is more spontaneous than in the French Declarations. Another conclusion is that Lithuanian policies opt less for the language of wood than French politicians. However, the policies of both countries choose a standard language. In any case, the elected presidents and the defeated candidates of both countries understand the importance of this republican ritual for the legitimization of their status. Candidates are realizing the need to materialize through language the aspirations of their voters who voted for without hurting however who voted against. That is why when they talk about big themes, for example, racism, tolerance, pacifism, equality between women and men, it is difficult to choose the exact words, to emit ideas nuanced enough to hurt no one.

Bibliografia

Bailey Frederick George, 1969, Les Règles du jeu politique. Étude anthropologique, Jean Copans (trad. de l’anglais par), Paris : PUF.

Bako-Arifari Nassirou, 1995, Démocratie et logiques de terroir au Bénin, Politique Africaine, 59 : 7–24.

Bielinis Lauras, 2003, Prezidento rinkimų anatomija, Vilnius : Versus Aureus.

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Archives

Bibliothèque National de François Mitterrand, INA

Chaînes de télévision « LRTV » et « LNK »

Les journaux

Le Figaro, 1995–2007

Le Monde, 1995–2007

Libération, 1995–2007

Lietuvos aidas, 1993–2009

Lietuvos Rytas, 1993–2009

Respublika, 1993–2009

Les sites Internet

http://leblanc.jeanmarc.free.fr/These/ThseJM_Leblanc.pdf (date de consultation le 20 octobre 2019, LEBLANC Jean-Marc, Les voeux présidentiels sous la Cinquième République (1959–2001).

Recherches et expérimentations lexicométriques à propos de l’ethos dans un genre discursif rituel). http://www.sciencespo.fr/cevipof/sites/sciencespo.fr.cevipof/files/CEVIPOF_confiance_10ans_
CHEURFA_CHANVRIL_2019.pdf (date de consultation le 15 septembre 2019, CHEURFA Madani, CHANVRIL Flora,
2009–2019 : la crise de la confiance politique).

www.biu.sorbonne.fr

www.linternaute.com/actualite/politique/lexique-politique/mots-les-plus-utilisés.sht (date de consultation le 5 septembre 2019, DESCHAYES Benoît, Les mots des politiques).

Informacje

Informacje: Romanica Cracoviensia, Tom 19 (2019), s. 55 - 69

Typ artykułu: Oryginalny artykuł naukowy

Tytuły:

Angielski:
Historical context and political speech: Analysis of the declarations following the announcement of the results of the presidential elections in Lithuania and France (1993–2009)

Autorzy

University of Vilnius, 3 Universiteto St, LT-01513 Vilnius

Publikacja: 09.2023

Status artykułu: Otwarte __T_UNLOCK

Licencja: CC BY-NC-ND  ikona licencji

Udział procentowy autorów:

Miroslaw Stasilo ( Autor) - 100%

Korekty artykułu:

-

Języki publikacji:

Angielski

Liczba wyświetleń: 2

Liczba pobrań: 1